As you close your speech, your audience is going to be thinking two questions. First, is the speaker really coming to the end of their speech? Secondly, now what does the speaker want me to do with all of this information?
Many audiences have listened to speakers who don’t quite know how to end their speech. Some dawdle towards to their ending. Others end their speech on a dead stop leaving audiences in a lurch. The best way is to simply announce by saying, “in conclusion… or to summarize…” Or you can briefly restated your main points by saying, “let me finish by restating two main ideas to take away…” When the audience knows the end is near, they generally pay more attention.
The last few minutes of your speech or presentation is what your audience is going to remember about your material and you. This is where your parting thought, challenge or action answers the second question.